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Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala

Sangamithra Pugazenthi, Margaret Avery Dickins de Giron.

Abstract
Background: Due to poor sanitation and lack of infrastructure in rural Guatemala, diarrheal disease is prevalent. The goal of this paper is to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in children in the Palajunoj Valley and to conduct a case study in Candelaria a rural Guatemalan community in the Palajunoj Valley regarding the current state of their water system and household water practices.

Methods: The Primeros Pasos Clinic, a primary care medical and dental clinic in the Palajunoj Valley, collected over 1,000 fecal samples in 2015 from children in the Palajunoj Valley and tested them for parasites presence. Interviews and water tests were conducted in January 2019 in Candelaria with community leaders and women in the community. Data was analyzed in February 2019.

Results: 60.11% of children in the Palajunoj Valley and 50.47% of children in Candelaria presented with at least one type of gastrointestinal parasite. 37 out of 95 houses in Candelaria do not have access to tap water. Unfiltered tap water was highly contaminated with hydrogen peroxide producing bacteria. Boiled water and filtered water presented lower levels of contamination.

Conclusions The high level of parasite prevalence is at least partially due to lack of access to clean water. The three major issues in Candelaria are lack of infrastructure, financial barriers, and lack of sufficient education.

Key words: Parasite, Guatemala, Rural, Diarrhea


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Pugazenthi S, Giron MADd, . Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala. Am J Prev Med Public Health. 2019; 5(1): 11-17. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840


Web Style

Pugazenthi S, Giron MADd, . Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala. http://www.ajpmph.com/?mno=38448 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Pugazenthi S, Giron MADd, . Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala. Am J Prev Med Public Health. 2019; 5(1): 11-17. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Pugazenthi S, Giron MADd, . Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala. Am J Prev Med Public Health. (2019), [cited February 15, 2020]; 5(1): 11-17. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840



Harvard Style

Pugazenthi, S., Giron, M. A. D. d. & (2019) Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala. Am J Prev Med Public Health, 5 (1), 11-17. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840



Turabian Style

Pugazenthi, Sangamithra, Margaret Avery Dickins de Giron, and . 2019. Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala. American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 5 (1), 11-17. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840



Chicago Style

Pugazenthi, Sangamithra, Margaret Avery Dickins de Giron, and . "Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala." American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 5 (2019), 11-17. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Pugazenthi, Sangamithra, Margaret Avery Dickins de Giron, and . "Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala." American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health 5.1 (2019), 11-17. Print. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Pugazenthi, S., Giron, M. A. D. d. & (2019) Parasite Prevalence in The Palajunoj Valley: Water System Case Study in Candelaria, Guatemala. American Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 5 (1), 11-17. doi:10.5455/ajpmph.20190323071840





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